City zoning classifications allow a city, county, or other municipality to regulate development, land use, traffic, municipal resources, and more. A zoning map is often generated to visually describe these zones, and a set of laws, ordinances, and regulations provide a legal framework for how to manage each property.
What Is City Zoning?
City zoning is the way city governments control land development and land use for each individual property within their jurisdiction. City zoning is controlled by zoning laws, ordinances, and regulations passed by city government. City zoning typically separates the region into four major types: residential (R), commercial (C), industrial (I), and agricultural (A).
What are Municipal Zoning Regulations?
The basic purpose and function of municipal zoning is to divide a municipality into residential, commercial, industrial, and agricultural districts (or zones). Typically, a uniform set of laws and regulations are in effect for each specific type of zone. Zoning regulations may include:
- Specific requirements as to the type of buildings allowed
- Location of utility lines
- Restrictions on accessory buildings, building setbacks from the streets and other boundaries
- Size and height of buildings
- Number of rooms
- Minimum lot area
- Parking restrictions
- Types of animals allowed
- Extraction of natural resources
Who Controls City Zoning?
Zoning is a purely a county, city, or municipal responsibility. Though such laws are somewhat universal, the classifications used to describe zoning are not uniform from place to place. Zoning laws and regulations are typically established through that municipality's leadership, including elected officials, managers, and lawyers.
Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Agricultural Zoning Laws and Municipal Planning Subdivisions
Within each general category (Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Agricultural), more narrowly defined divisions are designed. A residential zone might be separated into single-family homes on one acre, single family homes on a half acre, hotels, boardinghouses, mobile homes, low-rise apartment complexes, high-rise apartment complexes, or institutional housing.
A commercial zone might be separated into neighborhood shopping centers, office buildings, or large shopping centers.
An industrial zone might be zoned as light or heavy.
An agricultural zone might be separated into the types of plants or animals that can be farmed.
If you have any questions about zoning issues, please contact David Collins and Associates.